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Sports Nutrition References

Sports Nurtition References

1. Brown EC et al. "Soy versus whey protein bars: effects on exercise training impact on lean body mass and antioxidant status." Nutr J. 3, 1:22, 2004.

2. Shimomura Y et al. " Exercise promotes BCAA catabolism: effects of BCAA supplementation on skeletal muscle during exercise." J Nutr. 134, (6 Suppl):1583S-1587S, 2004.

3. Agin D et al. "Effects of whey protein and resistance exercise on body cell mass, muscle strength, and quality of life in women with HIV." AIDS. 15, 18:2431-40, 2001.

4. Burke G et al. "The effect of whey protein supplementation with and without creatine monohydrate combined with resistance training on lean tissue mass and muscle strength." Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 11, 3:349-64, 2001.

5. Bassit RA et al. "Branched-chain amino acid supplementation and the immune response of long-distance athletes." Nutrition. 18, 5:376-9, 2002.

6. Demling RH et al. "Effect of a hypocaloric diet, increased protein intake and resistance training on lean mass gains and fat mass loss in overweight police officers." Ann Nutr Metab. 44, 1:21-9, 2000.

7. Castell L. " Glutamine supplementation in vitro and in vivo, in exercise and in immunodepression." Sports Med. 33, 5:323-45, 2003.

8. Castell LM et al. "Some aspects of the acute phase response after a marathon race, and the effects of glutamine supplementation." Eur J Appl Physiol Occup Physiol. 75, 1:47-53, 1997.

9. Lagranha CJ et al. "Beneficial effect of glutamine on exercise-induced apoptosis of rat neutrophils." Med Sci Sports Exerc. 36, 2:210-7, 2004.

10. Castell LM et al. " The effects of oral glutamine supplementation on athletes after prolonged, exhaustive exercise." Nutrition. 13, (7-8):738-42, 1997.

11. Bednarz B et al. "Effects of oral L-arginine supplementation on exercise-induced QT dispersion and exercise tolerance in stable angina pectoris." Int J Cardiol. 75, (2-3):205-10, 2000.

12. Paddon-Jones D et al. "Potential ergogenic effects of arginine and creatine supplementation." J Nutr. 134, (10 Suppl):2888S-2894S; discussion 2895S, 2004.

13. Schaefer A et al. "L-arginine reduces exercise-induced increase in plasma lactate and ammonia." Int J Sports Med. 23, 6:403-7, 2002.

14. Brass EP. "Supplemental carnitine and exercise." Am J Clin Nutr. 72, (2 Suppl):618S-23S, 2000.

15. Ibid.

16. Karlic H et al. " Supplementation of L-carnitine in athletes: does it make sense?" Nutrition. 20, (7-8):709-15, 2004.

17. Rivero JL et al. "Oral L-carnitine combined with training promotes changes in skeletal muscle." Equine Vet J Suppl. 34:269-74, 2002.

18. Wutzke KD et al. "The effect of L-carnitine on fat oxidation, protein turnover, and body composition in slightly overweight subjects." Metabolism. 53, 8:1002-1006, 2004.

19. Volek JS. "L-carnitine L-targrate supplementation favorably affects markers of recovery from exercise stress." Am J Physiol Endocinol Metab. 282: E474-482, 2002.

20. Galloway SD et al. "Effects of L-carnitine L-tartrate supplementation on substrate metabolism during exercise." Experimental Biology 2004; Apr. 17-21, 2004, Washington. Abstract No. 502.4.

21. Marzatico F et al. "Blood free radical antioxidant enzymes and lipid peroxides following long-distance and lactacidemic performances in highly trained aerobic and sprint athletes." J Sports Med Phys Fitness. 37, 4:235-9, 1997.

22. Banerjee AK et al. "Oxidant, antioxidant and physical exercise." Mol Cell Biochem. 253, (1-2):307-12, 2003.;jsessionid=4bm5smet9mn97.victoria?

23. Evans WJ. "Vitamin E, vitamin C, and exercise." Am J Clin Nutr. 72, (2 Suppl):647S-52S, 2000.

24. Mastaloudis A et al. "Antioxidant supplementation prevents exercise-induced lipid peroxidation, but not inflammation, in ultramarathon runners." Free Radic Biol Med. 36, 10:1329-41, 2004.

25. Yu B et al. "[Effect of antioxidant vitamins on the exercise performance of rats]." Di Yi Jun Yi Da Xue Xue Bao. 23, 9:892-4, 2003.

26. Itoh H et al. "Vitamin E supplementation attenuates leakage of enzymes following 6 successive days of running training." Int J Sports Med. 21, 5:369-74, 2000.

27. Ibid.

28. Ibid.

29. Piercy RJ et al. "Association between vitamin E and enhanced athletic performance in sled dogs." Med Sci Sports Exerc. 33, 5:826-33, 2001.

30. Takanami Y et al. "Vitamin E supplementation and endurance exercise: are there benefits?" Sports Med 29, 2:73-83, 2000.

31. Peake JM. "Vitamin C: effects of exercise and requirements with training." Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 13, 2:125-51, 2003.

32. Tauler P et al. "Influence of vitamin C diet supplementation on endogenous antioxidant defences during exhaustive exercise." Pflugers Arch. 446, 6:658-64. Epub 2003 Jul 12, 2003.

33. Thompson D et al. "Prolonged vitamin C supplementation and recovery from demanding exercise." Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 11, 4:466-81, 2001.

34. Vesovic D et al. "Strenuous exercise and action of antioxidant enzymes." Med Lav. 93, 6:540-50, 2002.

35. Hong Y et al. "Influence of an orally effective superoxide dismutase (GliSODin<\#168) on blood antioxidants and plasma lactate level after strenuous exercise." Proprietary study provided by P.L. Thomas & Co.

36. Mikami T et al. "Effect of SOD/gliadin supplementation on biological disorders induced by intense exercise." Proprietary study provided by P.L. Thomas & Co.

37. Aoi W et al. "Astaxanthin limits exercise-induced skeletal and cardiac muscle damage in mice." Antioxid Redox Signal. 5, 1:139-44, 2003.

38. Ylikoski T et al. "The effect of coenzyme Q10 on the exercise performance of cross-country skiers." Mol Aspects Med. 18 Suppl:S283-90, 1997.

39. Manore MM. "Effect of physical activity on thiamine, riboflavin, and vitamin B-6 requirements." Am J Clin Nutr. 72, (2 Suppl):598S-606S, 2000.

40. Howlett KF et al. Carbohydrate metabolism during exercise in females: effect of reduced fat availability. Metabolism. 50(4):481-7, 2001.

41. Bohl CH et al. "Magnesium and exercise." Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 42, 6:533-63, 2002.

42. Lukaski HC. " Vitamin and mineral status: effects on physical performance." Nutrition. 20, (7-8):632-44, 2004.

43. Brutsaert TD et al. "Iron supplementation improves progressive fatigue resistance during dynamic knee extensor exercise in iron-depleted, nonanemic women." Am J Clin Nutr. 77, 2:441-8, 2003.

44. Manore MM. "Dietary recommendations and athletic menstrual dysfunction." Sports Med. 32, 14:887-901, 2002.

45. Lukaski HC. "Magnesium, zinc, and chromium nutrition and athletic performance." Can J Appl Physiol. 26 Suppl:S13-22, 2001.

46. Gleeson M, Bishop NC. Elite athlete immunology: importance of nutrition. Int J Sports Med. 21(Suppl 1):S44-50, 2000.

47. Crawford V, Scheckenbach R, Preuss HG. "Effects of niacin-bound chromium supplementation on body composition in overweight African-American women." Diabetes Obes Metab. 1, 6:331-7, 1999.

48. Davis JM et al. "Effects of carbohydrate and chromium ingestion during intermittent high-intensity exercise to fatigue." Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 10, 4:476-85, 2000.

49. Frank LL, Baer JT. "The effect of a chromium-containing beverage on sprint cycling performance after a submaximal exercise bout." American College of Sports Medicine. May 28-June 1, 2002.

50. Braham R et al. "The effect of glucosamine supplementation on people experiencing regular knee pain." Br J Sports Med. 37:45-9, 2003.

51. Uebelhart D et al. " Intermittent treatment of knee osteoarthritis with oral chondroitin sulfate: a one-year, randomized, double-blind, multicenter study versus placebo. Intermittent treatment of knee osteoarthritis with oral chondroitin sulfate: a one-year, randomized, double-blind, multicenter study versus placebo." Osteoarthr Cartil. 12, 4:269-76, 2004.

52. Oesser S et al. "Stimulation of type II collagen biosynthesis and secretion in bovine chondrocytes cultured with degraded collagen." Cell Tissue Res. 311, 3:393-9, 2003.

53. Moskowitz RW. "Role of collagen hydrolysate in bone and joint disease." Semin Arthritis Rheum. 30, 2:87-99, 2000.

54. Kalman DS et al. Experimental Biology 2004: Meeting Abstracts. LB435, pp. A90.

55. Zenk JL et al. "The effects of milk protein concentrate on the symptoms of osteoarthritis in adults: an exploratory, randomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial." Curr Ther Res. 63, 7:430-42, 2002.

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57. Abidov M et al. "Extract of Rhodiola rosea radix reduces the level of C-reactive protein and creatinine kinase in the blood." Bull Exp Biol Med. 138, 1:63-4, 2004.

58. De Bock K et al. "Acute Rhodiola rosea intake can improve endurance exercise performance." Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 14, 3:298-307, 2004.

59. Pavlovic P. "Improved endurance by use of antioxidants." European Bulletin of Drug Research. 7, 2:1-4, 1999.

60. "A patented phytonutrient for weight management by promoting lean body mass." Company research from Sabinsa Corp., 1999.

61. Bahrke MS et al. "Evaluation of the ergogenic properties of ginseng: an update." Sports Med. 29, 2:113-33, 2000.

62. Voces J et al. "Ginseng administration protects skeletal muscle from oxidative stress induced by acute exercise in rats." Braz J Med Biol Res. 37, 12:1863-71, 2004.

63. Cabral de Oliveira AC et al. "Protective effects of Panax ginseng on muscle injury and inflammation after eccentric exercise." Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol. 130, 3:369-77, 2001.

64. Murase T et al. American Journal of Physiology, Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology. (Nov 24, 2004; [Epub ahead of print])

65. Dulloo AG et al. "Efficacy of a green tea extract rich in catechin polyphenols and caffeine in increasing 24-h energy expenditure and fat oxidation in humans." Am J Clin Nutr. 70, 6:1040-5, 1999.

66. Grieve, M. "Guarana." [Online] Available, Feb. 10, 2004.

67. Miura T et al. "Effect of guarana on exercise in normal and epinephrine-induced glycogenolytic mice." Biol Pharm Bull. 21, 6:646-8, 1998.

68. Hedrei P et al. "Thermogenic Effect of Beta-sympathicomimetic Compounds Extracted From Citrus Aurantium In Humans." [Online] Available
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70. Sahelian, Ray, M.D. "Creatine Benefits and Creatine Side Effects." [Online] Available, Feb. 10, 2004.

71. Racette SB. "Creatine supplementation and athletic performance." J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 33, 10:615-21, 2003.

72. Kreider RB. "Effects of creatine supplementation on performance and training adaptations." Mol Cell Biochem. 244, 1-2:89-94, 2003.

73. Chilibeck PD et al. "Effect of creatine ingestion after exercise on muscle thickness in males and females." Med Sci Sports Exerc. 36, 10:1781-8, 2004.

74. Vandenberghe K et al. "Long-term creatine intake is beneficial to muscle performance during resistance training." J Appl Physiol. 83, 6:2055-63, 1997.

75. Paddon-Jones D et al, "Short-term beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate supplementation does not reduce symptoms of eccentric muscle damage." Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 11, 4:442-50, 2001.

76. Motyka M. Magnesium creatine chelate. Newest concept in ergogenics. Agro-Food-Industry Hi-Tech. March/April 2001: 18-21.

77. Hofman Z et al. "The effect of bovine colostrum supplementation on exercise performance in elite field hockey players." Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 12, 4:461-9, 2002.

78. Buckley JD et al. "Bovine colostrum supplementation during endurance running training improves recovery, but not performance." J Sci Med Sport. 5, 2:65-79, 2002.

79. Antonio J et al. "The effects of bovine colostrum supplementation on body composition and exercise performance in active men and women." Nutr.. 17, 3:243-7, 2001.

80. Fernholz KM et al. "The effects of phosphatidylserine on markers of muscular stres in endurance runners." Annual Meeting of the American College of Sports Medicine. Indianapolis, June, 2000.

81. Bassaganya-Riera J et al. "Conjugated Linoleic Acid Ameliorates Viral Infectivity in a Pig Model of Virally Induced Immunosuppression." J Nutr.133: 3204-3214, 2003.

82. Wigham L et al. "Safety profile of conjugated linoleic acid in a 12-month trial in obese humans." Food Chem Toxicol. 42, 10:1701-1709, 2004.

83. Wang Y et al. "Dietary conjugated linoleic acid and body composition." Am J Clin Nutr. 79, (6 Suppl):1153S-1158S, 2004.

84. Gaullier J et al. "Conjugated linoleic acid supplementation for 1 y reduces body fat mass in healthy overweight humans." Am J Clin Nutr. 79, 6:1118-25, 2004.

85. Von Loeffelholz J et al. "Influence of conjugated linoleic acid body composition." European Journal of Lipid Science and Technology. 105:251-259, 2003.

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