Cardiovascular Health References

December 6, 2004

28 Min Read
Cardiovascular Health References


Jan. 3, 2005 - Natural Products Industry INSIDER
"Cardiovascular Health" References

1. Hu FB, Willett WC. "Optimal diets for prevention of coronary heartdisease." JAMA. 288, 20:2569-78, 2002. www.jama.com

2. Kerver JM et al. "Dietary patterns associated with risk factors forcardiovascular disease in healthy U.S. adults." Am J Clin Nutr. 78,6:1103-10, 2003. www.ajcn.org

3. Jenkins DJ et al. "Effects of a dietary portfolio ofcholesterol-lowering foods vs. lovastatin on serum lipids and C-reactiveprotein." JAMA. 290, 4:502-10, 2003. www.jama.com

4. Jenkins DJ et al. "The effect of combining plant sterols, soyprotein, viscous fibers and almonds in treating hypercholesterolemia." Metabolism.52, 11:1478-83. www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00260495

5. Kok FJ, Kromhout D. "Atherosclerosis--epidemiological studies on thehealth effects of a Mediterranean diet." Eur J Nutr. 43 Suppl.1:I/2-5, 2004. http://link.springer.de/link/service/journals/00394/

6. Barzi F et al. "Mediterranean diet and all-causes mortality aftermyocardial infarction: results from the GISSI-Prevenzione trial." Eur JClin Nutr. 57, 4:604-11, 2003. www.naturesj.com/ejcn

7. Strahan TM. "Nuts for cardiovascular protection." Asia Pac JClin Nutr. 13 Suppl.:S33, 2004. www.healthyeatingclub.com/APJCN/ProcNutSoc/

8. Maguire LS et al. "Fatty acid profile, tocopherol, squalene andphytosterol content of walnuts, almonds, peanuts, hazelnuts and the macadamianut." Int J Food Sci Nutr. 55, 3:171-8, 2004. www.medbioworld.com/bio/journals/food.html

9. Alper CM, Mattes RD. "Peanut consumption improves indices ofcardiovascular disease risk in healthy adults." J Am Coll Nutr. 22,2:133-41, 2003. www.am-coll-nutr.org/jacn/jacn.htm

10. Ros E et al. "A walnut diet improves endothelial function inhypercholesterolemic subjects: a randomized crossover trial." Circulation.6, 109, 13:1609-14, 2004. http://circ.ahajournals.org/

11. Bazzano LA et al. "Dietary fiber intake and reduced risk of coronaryheart disease in U.S. men and women: the National Health and NutritionExamination Survey I Epidemiologic Follow-Up Study." Arch Intern Med.163, 16:1897-904, 2003. http://archinte.ama-assn.org

12. Mozaffarian D et al. "Cereal, fruit and vegetable fiber intake andthe risk of cardiovascular disease in elderly individuals." JAMA.289, 13:1659-66, 2003. www.jama.com

13. Pereira MA et al. "Dietary fiber and risk of coronary heart disease:a pooled analysis of cohort studies." Arch Intern Med. 164, 4:370-6,2004. http://archinte.ama-assn.org

14. Saltzman E et al. "An oat-containing hypocaloric diet reducessystolic blood pressure and improves lipid profile beyond effects of weight lossin men and women." J Nutr. 131, 5:1465-70, 2001. www.nutrition.org

15. Pins JJ et al. "Do whole-grain oat cereals reduce the need forantihypertensive medications and improve blood pressure control?" J FamPract. 51, 4:353-9, 2002. www.jfponline.com

16. He J et al. "Effect of dietary fiber intake on blood pressure: arandomized, double blind, placebo-controlled trial." J Hypertens.22, 1:73-80, 2004. www.jhypertension.com

17. Berg A et al. "Effect of an oat bran enriched diet on theatherogenic lipid profile in patients with an increased coronary heart diseaserisk. A controlled randomized lifestyle intervention study." Ann NutrMetab. 47, 6:306-11, 2003. www.karger.com/anm

18. Davy BM et al. "High-fiber oat cereal compared with wheat cerealconsumption favorably alters LDL-cholesterol subclass and particle numbers inmiddle-aged and older men." Am J Clin Nutr. 76, 2:351-8, 2002. www.ajcn.org

19. Hasler CM. "The cardiovascular effects of soy products." JCardiovasc Nurs. 16, 4:50-63, 2002.

20. Merritt JC. "Metabolic syndrome: soybean foods and serumlipids." J Natl Med Assoc. 96, 8:1032-41, 2004.

21. Zhang X et al. "Soy food consumption is associated with lower riskof coronary heart disease in Chinese women." J Nutr. 133, 9:2874-8,2003. www.nutrition.org

22. Rosell MS et al. "Soy intake and blood cholesterol concentrations: across-sectional study of 1,033 pre- and postmenopausal women in the Oxford armof the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition." AmJ Clin Nutr. 80, 5:1391-6, 2004. www.ajcn.org

23. Meyer BJ et al. "Limited lipid-lowering effects of regularconsumption of whole soybean foods." Ann Nutr Metab. 48, 2:67-78,2004. www.karger.com/anm

24. Sagara M et al. "Effects of dietary intake of soy protein andisoflavones on cardiovascular disease risk factors in high risk, middle-aged menin Scotland." J Am Coll Nutr. 23, 1:85-91, 2004. www.am-coll-nutr.org/jacn/jacn.htm

25. Rivas M et al. "Soy milk lowers blood pressure in men and women withmild to moderate essential hypertension." J Nutr. 132, 7:1900-2,2002. www.nutrition.org

26. Teixeira SR et al. "Isolated soy protein consumption reduces urinaryalbumin excretion and improves the serum lipid profile in men with Type IIdiabetes mellitus and nephropathy." J Nutr. 134, 8:1874-80, 2004. www.nutrition.org

27. Tonstad S, Smerud K, Hoie L. "A comparison of the effects of 2 dosesof soy protein or casein on serum lipids, serum lipoproteins and plasma totalhomocysteine in hypercholesterolemic subjects." Am J Clin Nutr. 76,1:78-84, 2002. www.ajcn.org

28. Lichtenstein AH et al. "Lipoprotein response to diets high in soy oranimal protein with an without isoflavones in moderately hypercholesterolemicsubjects." Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 22, 11:1852-8, 2002. http://atvb.ahajournals.org

29. Wang Y et al. "Soy protein reduces triglyceride levels andtriglyceride fatty acid fractional synthesis rate in hypercholesterolemicsubjects." Atherosclerosis. 173, 2:269-75, 2004. www.elsevier.com/locate/atherosclerosis

30. Jenkins DJ et al. "Effects of high- and low-isoflavone soyfoods onblood lipids, oxidized LDL, homocysteine and blood pressure in hyperlipidemicmen and women." Am J Clin Nutr. 76, 2:365-72, 2002. www.ajcn.org

31. Zhuo XG, Melby MK, Watanabe S. "Soy isoflavone intake lowers serumLDL cholesterol: a meta-analysis of eight randomized controlled trials inhumans." J Nutr. 134, 9:2395-400, 2004. www.nutrition.org

32. de Kleijn MJ et al. "Dietary intake of phytoestrogens is associatedwith a favorable metabolic cardiovascular risk profile in postmenopausal U.S.women: the Framingham study." J Nutr. 132, 2:276-82, 2002. www.nutrition.org

33. van der Schouw YT et al. "Higher usual dietary intake ofphytoestrogens is associated with lower aortic stiffness in postmenopausalwomen." Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 22, 8:1316-22, 2002. http://atvb.ahajournals.org

34. Mortensen A et al. "Effect of a soy supplement on spontaneousatherosclerosis in low density lipoprotein receptor knock out (LDLR -/--)mice." Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 13 Suppl.:S102, 2004. www.healthyeatingclub.com/APJCN/ProcNutSoc/

35. Yin XZ et al. "[Anti-atherosclerotic effect of soybean isoflavonesand soyasaponins in diabetic rats.]" Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue Za Zhi.38, 1:26-8, 2004.

36. Yousef MI et al. "Antioxidant activities and lipid lowering effectsof isoflavone in male rabbits." Food Chem Tox. 42, 9:1497-503, 2004.www.elsevier.nl/locate/foodchemtox

37. Schult TM et al. "Effect of isoflavones on lipids and bone turnovermarkers in menopausal women." Maturitas. 48, 3:209-18, 2004. www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03785122

38. Atkinson C et al. "Modest protective effects of isoflavones from ared clover-derived dietary supplement on cardiovascular disease risk factors inperimenopausal women, and evidence of an interaction with ApoE genotype in 49-65year old women." J Nutr. 134, 7:1759-64, 2004. www.nutrition.org

39. Nestel P et al. "A biochanin-enriched isoflavone from red cloverlowers LDL cholesterol in men." Eur J Clin Nutr. 58, 3:403-8, 2004. www.naturesj.com/ejcn

40. Bloedon LT, Szapary PO. "Flaxseed and cardiovascular risk." NutrRev. 62, 1:18-27, 2004. www.ilsi.org/publications/reviews.html

41. Lucas EA et al. "Flaxseed reduces plasma cholesterol andatherosclerotic lesion formation in ovariectomized Golden Syrian hamsters."Atherosclerosis. 173, 2:223-9, 2004. www.elsevier.com/locate/atherosclerosis

42. Lucas EA et al. "Flaxseed improves lipid profile without alteringbiomarkers of bone metabolism in postmenopausal women." J ClinEndocrinol Metab. 87, 4:1527-32, 2002. http://jcem.endojournals.org

43. Ipotova OM et al. "[Biological activity of linseed oil as the sourceof omega-3 alpha-linolenic acid."] Biomed Khim. 50, 1:25-43, 2004.

44. Wiesenfeld PW et al. "Flaxseed increased alpha-linolenic andeicosapentaenoic acid and decreased arachidonic acid in serum and tissues of ratdams and offspring." Food Chem Tox. 41, 6:841-55, 2003. www.elsevier.nl/locate/foodchemtox

45. Zhao G et al. "Dietary {alpha}-linolenic acid reduces inflammatoryand lipid cardiovascular risk factors in hypercholesterolemic men andwomen." J Nutr. 134, 11:2991-7, 2004. www.nutrition.org

46. Bemelmans WJ et al. "Increased alpha-linolenic acid intake lowersC-reactive protein, but has no effect on markers of atherosclerosis." EurJ Clin Nutr. 58, 7:1083-9, 2004. www.naturesj.com/ejcn

47. Davis BC, Kris-Etherton PM. "Achieving optimal essential fatty acidstatus in vegetarians: current knowledge and practical implications." AmJ Clin Nutr. 78, 3 Suppl.:640S-646S, 2003. www.ajcn.org

48. Finnegan YE et al. "Plant- and marine-derived n-3 polyunsaturatedfatty acids have differential effects on fasting and postprandial blood lipidconcentrations and on the susceptibility of LDL to oxidative modification inmoderately hyperlipidemic subjects." Am J Clin Nutr. 77, 4:783-95,2003. www.ajcn.org

49. Wijendran V, Hayes KC. "Dietary n-6 and n-3 fatty acid balance andcardiovascular health." Annu Rev Nutr. 24:597-615, 2004. http://nutr.annualreviews.org/

50. Harris WS, von Schacky C. "The Omega-3 Index: a new risk factor fordeath from coronary heart disease?" Prev Med. 39:212-20, 2004. www.elsevier.com/locate/issn/0091-7435

51. Erkkila AT et al. "n-3 fatty acids and 5-y risks of death andcardiovascular disease events in patients with coronary artery disease." AmJ Clin Nutr. 78, 1:65-71, 2003. www.ajcn.org

52. Mozaffarian D et al. "Fish intake and risk of incident atrialfibrillation." Circulation. 110:368-73, 2004. http://circ.ahajournals.org/

53. Erkkila AT et al. "Fish intake is associated with a reducedprogression of coronary artery atherosclerosis in postmenopausal women withcoronary artery disease." Am J Clin Nutr. 80:626-32, 2004. www.ajcn.org

54. Iso H. "Intake of fish and omega-3 fatty acids and risk of stroke inwomen." JAMA. 285, 3:304-12, 2001. www.jama.com

55. Din JN, Newby DE, Flapan AD. "Omega 3 fatty acids and cardiovasculardisease--fishing for a natural treatment." BMJ. 328:30-5, 2004. http://bmj.com

56. [No authors listed.] "Dietary supplementation with n-3polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamin E after myocardial infarction: resultsof the GISSI-Prevenzione trial. Gruppo Italiano per lo Studio dellaSopravvivenza nell-Infarto miocardio." Lancet. 354, 9177:447-55,1999. www.thelancet.com

57. Dyerberg J et al. "Effects of trans- and n-3 unsaturated fatty acidson cardiovascular risk markers in healthy males. An 8 weeks dietary interventionstudy." Eur J Clin Nutr. 58, 7:1062-70, 2004. www.naturesj.com/ejcn

58. Angerer P et al. "Effect of dietary supplementation with omega-3fatty acids on progression of atherosclerosis in carotid arteries." CardiovascRes. 54, 1:183-90, 2002. www.elsevier.com/locate/cardiores

59. Thies F et al. "Association of n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids withstability of atherosclerotic plaques: a randomized controlled trial." Lancet.361, 9356:477-85, 2003. www.thelancet.com

60. Geelen A et al. "Intake of n-3 fatty acids from fish does not lowerserum concentrations of C-reactive protein in healthy subjects." Eur JClin Nutr. 58, 10:1440-2, 2004. www.naturesj.com/ejcn

61. Ciubotaru I, Lee YS, Wander RC. "Dietary fish oil decreasesC-reactive protein, interleukin-6 and triacylglycerol to HDL-cholesterol ratioin postmenopausal women on HRT." J Nutr Biochem. 14, 9:513-21, 2003.www.elsevier.com/locate/jnutbio

62. Vanschoonbeek K et al. "Variable hypocoagulant effect of fish oilintake in humans: modulation of fibrinogen level and thrombin generation." ArteriosclerThromb Vasc Biol. 24, 9:1734-40, 2004. http://atvb.ahajournals.org

63. Woodman RJ et al. "Effects of purified eicosapentaenoic acid anddocosahexaenoic acid on platelet, fibrinolytic and vascular function inhypertensive Type II diabetic patients." Atherosclerosis. 166,1:85-93, 2003. www.elsevier.com/locate/atherosclerosis

64. Khan F et al. "The effects of dietary fatty acid supplementation onendothelial function and vascular tone in healthy subjects." CardiovascRes. 59, 4:955-62, 2003. www.elsevier.com/locate/cardiores

65. Alarcon de la Lastra C et al. "Mediterranean diet and health:biological importance of olive oil." Curr Pharm Des. 7, 10:933-50,2001.

66. Psaltopoulou T et al. "Olive oil, the Mediterranean diet andarterial blood pressure: the Greek European Prospective Investigation intoCancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study." Am J Clin Nutr. 80, 4:1012-8,2004. www.ajcn.org

67. Perona JS et al. "Virgin olive oil reduces blood pressure inhypertensive elderly subjects." Clin Nutr. 23, 5:1113-21, 2004. www.harcourt-international.com/journals/clnu

68. Mayer B et al. "Effects of an onion-live oil maceration productcontaining essential ingredients of the Mediterranean diet on blood pressure andblood fluidity." Arzneimittelforschung. 51, 2:104-11, 2001.

69. Massaro M, De Caterina R. "Vasculoprotective effects of oleic acid:epidemiological background and direct vascular antiatherogenic properties."Nutr Metab Cardiovasc Dis. 12, 1:42-51, 2002. www.medikal.it/index_en.htm

70. Herrera MD et al. "Effects of dietary oleic-rich oils (virgin oliveand high-oleic-acid sunflower) on vascular reactivity in Wiestar-Kyoto andspontaneously hypertensive rats." Br J Nutr. 86, 3:349-57, 2001. www.cabi-publishing.org/journals/bjn

71. Visioli F et al. "Hydroxytyrosol, as a component of olive mill wastewater, is dose-dependently absorbed and increases the antioxidant capacity ofrat plasma." Free Rad Res. 34, 3:301-5, 2001. www.tandf.co.uk/journals

72. Togna GI et al. "Olive oil isochromans inhibit human plateletreactivity." J Nutr. 133, 8:2532-6, 2003. www.nutrition.org

73. Carluccio MA et al. "Olive oil and red wine antioxidant polyphenolsinhibit endothelial activation: antiatherogenic properties of Mediterranean dietphytochemicals." Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 23, 4:622-9, 2003. http://atvb.ahajournals.org

74. Shafiee M et al. "Grape and grape seed extract capacities atprotecting LDL against oxidation generated by Cu2+, AAPH or SIN-1 and atdecreasing superoxide THP-1 cell production. A comparison to other extracts orcompounds." Free Rad Res. 37, 5:573-84, 2003. www.tandf.co.uk/journals

75. van de Wiel A. "[Nutrition and health--favorable effect of wine andwine flavonoids on cardiovascular disease.]" Ned Tijdschr Geneeskd.146, 51:2466-9, 2002.

76. Ventura P et al. "Red wine consumption prevents vascular oxidativestress induced by a high-fat meal in healthy volunteers." Int J VitamNutr Res. 74, 2:137-43, 2004.

77. Waddington E, Puddey IB, Croft KD. "Red wine polyphenolic compoundsinhibit atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-deficient mice independently ofeffects on lipid peroxidation." Am J Clin Nutr. 79, 1:54-61, 2004. www.ajcn.org

78. Stocker R, O'Halloran RA. "Dealcoholized red wine decreasesatherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E gene-deficient mice independently ofinhibition of lipid peroxidation in the artery wall." Am J Clin Nutr.79, 1:123-30, 2004. www.ajcn.org

79. Bagchi D et al. "Molecule mechanisms of cardioprotection by a novelgrape seed proanthocyanidin extract." Mutat Res. 523-524:87-97,2003. www.mutationresearch.com

80. Auger C et al. "Phenolics from commercialized grape extracts preventearly atherosclerotic lesions in hamsters by mechanisms other than antioxidanteffect." J Agric Food Chem. 52, 16:5297-302, 2004. http://pubs.acs.org/journals/jafcau

81. Natella F et al. "Grape seed proanthocyanidins prevent plasmapostprandial oxidative stress in humans." J Agric Food Chem. 50,26:7720-5, 2002. http://pubs.acs.org/journals/jafcau

82. Dell'Agli M, Busciala A, Bosisio E. "Vascular effects of winepolyphenols." Cardiovasc Res. 63, 4:593-602, 2004. www.elsevier.com/locate/cardiores

83. Whelan AP et al. "Effects of white and red wine on endothelialfunction in subjects with coronary artery disease." IMJ. 34,5:224-8, 2004. www.racp.edu.au/imj/index.htm

84. Tyson DA et al. "Acute effects of grape seed extract andniacin-bound chromium on cardiovascular parameters of normotensive andhypertensive rats." Res Comm Pharmacol Toxicol. 5, 1-2:91-106, 2000.

85. Firenzuoli F et al. "[Flavonoids: risks or therapeuticopportunities?"] Recenti Prog Med. 95, 7-8:345-51, 2004.

86. Maron DJ. "Flavonoids for reduction of atherosclerotic risk." CurrAtheroscler Rep. 6, 1:73-8, 2004. www.current-reports.com/home_journal.cfm?JournalID=AT

87. Siddiqui IA et al. "Antioxidants of the beverage tea in promotion ofhuman health." Antioxid Redox Signal. 6, 3:571-82, 2004. www.liebertpub.com/publication.aspx?pub_id=4

89. Sano J et al. "Effects of green tea intake on the development ofcoronary artery disease." Circ J. 68, 7:665-70, 2004.

90. Yang YC et al. "The protective effect of habitual tea consumption onhypertension." Arch Intern Med. 164, 14:1534-40, 2004. http://archinte.ama-assn.org

91. Frei B, Higdon JV. "Antioxidant activity of tea polyphenols in vivo:evidence from animal studies." J Nutr. 133, 10:3275S-84S, 2003. www.nutrition.org

92. Ouyang P et al. ["Green tea polyphenols inhibit low-densitylipoprotein-induced proliferation of rat vascular smooth muscle cells."] DiYi Jun Yi Da Xue Xue Bao. 24, 9:975-9, 2004.

93. Ludwig A et al. "The tea flavonoid epigallocatechin-3-gallatereduces cytokine-induced VCAM-1 expression and monocyte adhesion to endothelialcells." Biochem Biophys Res Comm. 316, 3:659-65, 2004. www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0006291X

94. Chyu KY et al. "Differential effects of green tea-derived catechinon developing versus established atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E-nullmice." Circulation. 109, 20:2448-53, 2004. http://circ.ahajournals.org/

95. Vinson JA, Teufel K, Wu N. "Green and black teas inhibitatherosclerosis by lipid, antioxidant and fibrinolytic mechanisms." JAgric Food Chem. 52, 11:3661-5, 2004. http://pubs.acs.org/journals/jafcau

96. Engler MB, Engler MM. "The vasculoprotective effects offlavonoid-rich cocoa and chocolate." Nutr Res. 24, 9:695-706, 2004. www.elsevier.nl/locate/nutres

97. Innes AJ et al. "Dark chocolate inhibits platelet aggregation inhealthy volunteers." Platelets. 14, 5:325-7, 2003.

98. Mathur S et al. "Cocoa products decrease low density lipoproteinoxidative susceptibility but do not affect biomarkers of inflammation inhumans." J Nutr. 132, 12:3663-7, 2002. www.nutrition.org

99. Engler MB et al. "Flavonoid-rich dark chocolate improves endothelialfunction and increases plasma epicatechin concentrations in healthyadults." J Am Coll Nutr. 23, 3:197-204, 2004. www.am-coll-nutr.org/jacn/jacn.htm

100. Silalahi J. "Anticancer and health protective properties of citrusfruit components." Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 11, 1:79-84, 2002. www.healthyeatingclub.com/APJCN/ProcNutSoc/

101. Vinson JA et al. "Polyphenol antioxidants in citrus juices: invitro and in vivo studies relevant to heart disease." Adv Exp Med Biol.505:113-22, 2002.

102. Jeon SM et al. "Comparison of antioxidant effects of naringin andprobucol in cholesterol-fed rabbits." Clin Chim Acta. 317,1-2:181-90, 2002. www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00098981

103. Jeon SM et al. "Antioxidative activity of naringin and lovastatinin high cholesterol-fed rabbits." Life Sci. 69, 24:2855-66, 2001. www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00243205

104. Lee CH et al. "Anti-atherogenic effect of citrus flavonoids,naringin and naringenin, associated with hepatic ACAT and aortic VCAM-1 andMCP-1 in high cholesterol-fed rabbits." Biochem Biophys Res Comm.284, 3:681-8, 2001. www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0006291X

105. Ohtsuki K et al. "Effects of long-term administration of hesperidinand glucosyl hesperidin to spontaneously hypertensive rats." J Nutr SciVitaminol (Tokyo). 48, 5:420-2, 2002.

106. Whitman SC et al. "Nobiletin, a citrus flavonoid isolated fromtangerines, selective inhibits class A scavenger receptor-mediated metabolism ofacetylated LDL by mouse macrophages." Atherosclerosis. [in press2005] www.elsevier.com/locate/atherosclerosis

107. Kurowska EM et al. "Modulation of HepG2 cell net apolipoprotein Bsecretion by the citrus polymethoxyflavone, tangeretin." Lipids. 39,2:143-51, 2004. www.aocs.org

108. Kurowska EM, Manthey JA. "Hypolipidemic effects and absorption ofcitrus polymethoxylated flavones in hamsters with diet-inducedhypercholesterolemia." J Agric Food Chem. 52, 10:2879-86, 2004. http://pubs.acs.org/journals/jafcau

109. Aviram M et al. "Pomegranate juice flavonoids inhibit low-densitylipoprotein oxidation and cardiovascular diseases: studies in atheroscleroticmice and in humans." Drugs Exp Clin Res. 28, 2-3:49-62, 2002.

110. Aviram M et al. "Pomegranate juice consumption reduces oxidativestress, atherogenic modifications to LDL, and platelet aggregation: studies inhumans and in atherosclerotic apolipoprotein E-deficient mice." Am JClin Nutr. 71, 5:1062-76, 2000. www.ajcn.org

111. Noda Y et al. "Antioxidant activities of pomegranate fruit extractand its anthocyanidins: delphinidin, cyanidin and pelargonidin." J AgricFood Chem. 50, 1:166-71, 2002. http://pubs.acs.org/journals/jafcau

112. Cerda B et al. "Evaluation of the bioavailability and metabolism inthe rat of punicalagin, an antioxidant polyphenol from pomegranate juice." EurJ Nutr. 42, 1:18-28, 2003. http://link.springer.de/link/service/journals/00394/

113. Esmaillzadeh A et al. "Concentrated pomegranate juice improveslipid profiles in diabetic patients with hyperlipidemia." J Med Food.7, 3:305-8, 2004. www.liebertpub.com

114. Aviram M et al. "Pomegranate juice consumption for 3 years bypatients with carotid artery stenosis reduces common carotid intima-mediathickness, blood pressure and LDL oxidation." Clin Nutr. 23,3:423-33, 2004. www.harcourt-international.com/journals/clnu

115. Rohdewald P. "A review of the French maritime pine bark extract(Pycnogenol), a herbal medication with a diverse clinical pharmacology." IntJ Clin Pharmacol Ther. 40, 4:158-68, 2002.

116. Devaraj S et al. "Supplementation with a pine bark extract rich inpolyphenols increases plasma antioxidant capacity and alters the plasmalipoprotein profile." Lipids. 37, 10:931-4, 2002. www.aocs.org

117. Watson RR. "Pycnogenol and cardiovascular health." EvidenceBased Integr Med. 1, 1:27-32, 2003.

118. Liu X et al. "Pycnogenol, French maritime pine bark extract,improves endothelial function of hypertensive patients." Life Sci.74:855-62, 2004. www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00243205

119. Tapiero H, Townsend DM, Tew KD. "The role of carotenoids in theprevention of human pathologies." Biomed Pharmacother. 58, 2:100-10,2004. www.elsevier.nl/inca/publications/store/5/0/5/8/1/0

120. Hak AE et al. "Prospective study of plasma carotenoids andtocopherols in relation to risk of ischemic stroke." Stroke. 35,7:1584-8, 2004. http://stroke.ahajournals.org/

121. Dwyer JH et al. "Progression of carotid intima-media thickness andplasma antioxidants: the Los Angeles Atherosclerosis Study." ArteriosclerThromb Vasc Biol. 24, 2:313-9, 2004. http://atvb.ahajournals.org

122. Rao AV. "Lycopene, tomatoes and the prevention of coronary heartdisease." Exp Biol Med (Maywood). 227, 10:908-13, 2002. www.ebmonline.org

123. Willcox JK, Catignani GL, Lazarus S. "Tomatoes and cardiovascularhealth." Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 43, 1:1-18, 2003. www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/10408398

124. Maruyama C et al. "Effects of tomato juice consumption on plasmaand lipoprotein carotenoid concentrations and the susceptibility of low densitylipoprotein to oxidative modification." J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo).47, 3:213-21, 2001.

125. Sesso HD et al. "Dietary lycopene, tomato-based food products andcardiovascular disease in women." J Nutr. 133, 7:2336-41, 2003. www.nutrition.org

126. Rissanen TH et al. "Low serum lycopene concentration is associatedwith an excess incidence of acute coronary events and stroke: the KuopioIschaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study." Br J Nutr. 85, 6:749-54,2001. www.cabi-publishing.org/journals/bjn

127. Rissanen TH et al. "Serum lycopene concentrations and carotidatherosclerosis: the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study." AmJ Clin Nutr. 77, 1:133-8, 2003. www.ajcn.org

128. Guerin M, Huntley ME, Olaizola M. "Haematococcus astaxanthin:applications for human health and nutrition." Trends Biotechnol. 21,5:210-6, 2003.

129. Iwamoto T et al. "Inhibition of low-density lipoprotein oxidationby astaxanthin." J Atheroscler Thromb. 7, 4:216-22, 2000. www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jat

130. Gross GJ, Lockwood SF. "Cardioprotection and myocardial salvage bya disodium disuccinate astaxanthin derivative (Cardax)." Life Sci.75:215-24, 2004. www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00243205

131. Asplund K. "Antioxidant vitamins in the prevention ofcardiovascular disease: a systematic review." J Intern Med. 251,5:372-92, 2002. www.blackwell-synergy.com/rd.asp?code=JIM&goto=journal

132. Vivekananthan DP et al. "Use of antioxidant vitamins for theprevention of cardiovascular disease: meta-analysis of randomized trials." Lancet.361, 9374:2017-23, 2003. www.thelancet.com

133. Carpenter KL et al. "Oral alpha-tocopherol supplementation inhibitslipid oxidation in established human atherosclerotic lesions." Free RadRes. 37, 11:1235-44, 2003. www.tandf.co.uk/journals

134. Hodis HN et al. "Alpha-tocopherol supplementation in healthyindividuals reduces low-density lipoprotein oxidation but not atherosclerosis:the Vitamin E Atherosclerosis Prevention Study (VEAPS)." Circulation.106, 12:1453-9, 2002. http://circ.ahajournals.org/

135. Meagher EA. "Treatment of atherosclerosis in the new millennium: isthere a role for vitamin E?" Prev Cardiol. 6, 2:85-90, 2003. www.lejacq.com/preventive.cfm

136. Inokuchi H et al. "Anti-angiogenic activity of tocotrienol." BiosciBiotechnol Biochem. 67, 7:1623-7, 2003. www.jsbba.or.jp/bbindexj.html

137. Raederstorff D et al. "Effect of either gamma-tocotrienol or atocotrienol mixture on the plasma lipid profile in hamsters." Ann NutrMetab. 46, 1:17-23, 2002. www.karger.com/anm

138. Sundram K, Sambanthamurthi R, Tan YA. "Palm fruit chemistry andnutrition." Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 12, 3:355-62, 2003. www.healthyeatingclub.com/APJCN/ProcNutSoc/

139. Tiahou G et al. "Lack of oxidative stress in a selenium deficientarea in Ivory Coast--potential nutritional antioxidant role of crude palmoil." Eur J Nutr. Oct. 20, 2004. [epub ahead of print.] http://link.springer.de/link/service/journals/00394/

140. Ogru E et al. "Vitamin E phosphate: an endogenous form of vitaminE." Presented at Free Radicals and Oxidative Stress, Ioannina, Greece, June26-29, 2003.

141. Munteanu A et al. "Modulation of cell proliferation and geneexpression by alpha-tocopheryl phosphates: relevance to atherosclerosis andinflammation." Biochem Biophys Res Comm. 318:311-6, 2004. www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/0006291X

142. Rezk BM et al. "The extraordinary antioxidant activity of vitamin Ephosphate." Biochim Biophys Acta. 1683:16-21, 2004. www.elsevier.nl/locate/bba

143. Nagyova A et al. "Lipid peroxidation in men after dietarysupplementation with a mixture of antioxidant nutrients." Bratisl LekListy. 105, 7-8:277-80, 2004.

144. Salonen RM et al. "Six-year effect of combined vitamin C and Esupplementation on atherosclerotic progression: the Antioxidant Supplementationin Atherosclerosis Prevention (ASAP) Study." Circulation. 107,7:947-53, 2003. http://circ.ahajournals.org/

145. Erbs S et al. "Improvement of peripheral endothelial dysfunction byacute vitamin C application: different effects in patients with coronary arterydisease, ischemic and dilated cardiomyopathy." Am Heart J. 146,2:280-5, 2003. http://www2.us.elsevierhealth.com/scripts/om.dll/
serve?action=searchDB&searchDBfor=home&id=hj

146. Kurl S et al. "Plasma vitamin C modifies the association betweenhypertension and risk of stroke." Stroke. 33, 6:1568-73, 2002. http://stroke.ahajournals.org/

147. Kim MK et al. "Lack of long-term effect of vitamin Csupplementation on blood pressure." Hypertension. 40, 6:797-803,2002. http://hyper.ahajournals.org

148. Eskurza I et al. "Ascorbic acid does not affect large elasticartery compliance or central blood pressure in young and older men." AmJ Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 286, 4:H1528-34, 2004.

149. Wollin SD, Jones PJ. "Alpha-lipoic acid and cardiovasculardisease." J Nutr. 133, 11:3327-30, 2003. www.nutrition.org

150. Midaoui AE et al. "Lipoic acid prevents hypertension, hyperglycemiaand the increase in heart mitochondrial superoxide production." Am JHypertens. 16, 3:173-9, 2003.

151. Vasdev S et al. "Salt-induced hypertension in WKY rats: preventionby alpha-lipoic acid supplementation." Mol Cell Biochem. 254,1-2:319-26, 2003. www.wkap.nl

152. Thirunavukkarasu V, Anitha Nandhini AT, Anuradha CV. "Effect ofalpha-lipoic acid on lipid profile in rats fed a high-fructose diet." ExpDiabesity Res. 5, 3:195-200, 2004.

153. Garcia-Estrada J et al. "An alpha-lipoic acid-vitamin E mixturereduces post-embolism lipid peroxidation, cerebral infarction and neurologicaldeficit in rats." Neurosci Res. 47, 2:219-24, 2003.

154. Tran MT et al. "Role of coenzyme Q10 in chronic heart failure,angina and hypertension." Pharmacotherapy. 21, 7:797-806, 2001. www.iospress.nl/site/html/02770008.html

155. Rosenfeldt F et al. "Systematic review of effect of coenzyme Q10 inphysical exercise, hypertension and heart failure." Biofactors. 18,1-4:91-100, 2003. www.iospress.nl/site/html/09516433.html

156. Houston MC. "The role of vascular biology, nutrition andnutraceuticals in the prevention and treatment of hypertension." JANA.S1:5-71, 2002. www.americanutra.com/jana.html

157. Kwong LK et al. "Effects of coenzyme Q10 administration on itstissue concentrations, mitochondrial oxidant generation and oxidative stress inthe rat." Free Rad Biol Med. 33, 5:627-38, 2002. www.elsevier.com/locate/freeradbiomed

158. Singh RB et al. "Effect of coenzyme Q10 on experimentalatherosclerosis and chemical composition and quality of atheroma inrabbits." Atherosclerosis. 148, 2:275-82, 2000. www.elsevier.com/locate/atherosclerosis

159. Thomas SR et al. "Dietary cosupplementation with vitamin E andcoenzyme Q(10) inhibits atherosclerosis in apolipoprotein E gene knockoutmice." Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 21, 4:585-93, 2001. http://atvb.ahajournals.org

160. Singh RB et al. "Effect of coenzyme Q10 on risk of atherosclerosisin patients with recent myocardial infarction." Mol Cell Biochem.246, 1-2:75-82, 2003. www.wkap.nl

161. Sarter B. "Coenzyme Q10 and cardiovascular disease: a review."J Cardiovasc Nurs. 16, 4:9-20, 2002.

162. Rundek T et al. "Atorvastatin decreases the coenzyme Q10 level inthe blood of patients at risk for cardiovascular disease and stroke." ArchNeurol. 61:889-92, 2004. http://archneur.ama-assn.org

163. Alissa EM, Eahijri SM, Ferns GA. "The controversy surroundingselenium and cardiovascular disease: a review of the evidence." Med SciMonit. 9, 1:RA9-18, 2003. www.medscimonit.com/medscimonit

164. Lee O, Moon J, Chung Y. "The relationship between serum seleniumlevels and lipid profiles in adult women." J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo).49, 6:397-404, 2003.

165. Gonzalez S et al. "Serum selenium is associated with plasmahomocysteine concentrations in elderly humans." J Nutr. 134,7:1736-40, 2004. www.nutrition.org

166. Wei WQ et al. "Prospective study of serum selenium concentrationsand esophageal and gastric cardia cancer, heart disease, stroke and totaldeath." Am J Clin Nutr. 79, 1:80-5, 2004. www.ajcn.org

167. Alissa EM, Eahijri SM, Fearns GA. op cit.

168. Gums JG. "Magnesium in cardiovascular and other disorders." AmJ Health Syst Pharm. 61, 15:1569-76, 2004.

169. Touyz RM. "Role of magnesium in the pathogenesis ofhypertension." Mol Aspects Med. 24, 1-3:107-36, 2003. www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00982997

170. Feillet-Coudray C et al. "Exchangeable magnesium pool masses inspontaneously hypertensive rats." Metabolism. 52, 5:626-30, 2003. www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00260495

171. Haas NA et al. "Effect of increasing doses of magnesium inexperimental pulmonary hypertension after acute pulmonary embolism." IntensiveCare Med. Sept. 9, 2004. [epub ahead of print.]

172. Maier JA. "Low magnesium and atherosclerosis: an evidence-basedlink." Mol Aspects Med. 24, 1-3:137-46, 2003. www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00982997

173. Maier JA et al. "Low magnesium promotes endothelial celldysfunction: implications for atherosclerosis, inflammation andthrombosis." Biochim Biophys Acta. 1689, 1:13-21, 2004. www.elsevier.nl/locate/bba

174. Amighi J et al. "Low serum magnesium predicts neurological eventsin patients with advanced atherosclerosis." Stroke. 35, 1:22-7,2004. http://stroke.ahajournals.org/

175. Tzanakis I et al. "Intra- and extracellular magnesium levels andatheromatosis in haemodialysis patients." Magnes Res. 17, 2:102-8,2004.

176. Pauly DF, Pepine CJ. "The role of carnitine in myocardialdysfunction." Am J Kidney Dis. 41, 4 Suppl. 4:S35-43, 2003.www2.ajkd.org

177. Wilcken DE. "Overview of inherited metabolic disorders causingcardiovascular disease." J Inherit Metab Dis. 26, 2-3:245-57, 2003.

178. Herrera MD et al. "Endothelium-dependent vasorelaxation induced byL-carnitine in isolated aorta from normotensive and hypertensive rats." JPharm Pharmacol. 54, 10:1423-7, 2002. http://jpp.pharmpress.com/content/html/index.htm

179. Cui J et al. "Effects of L-carnitine and its derivatives onpostischemic cardiac function, ventricular fibrillation and necrotic andapoptotic cardiomyocyte death in isolated rat hearts." Mol Cell Biochem.254, 1-2:227-34, 2003. www.wkap.nl

180. Sayed-Ahmed MM et al. "L-carnitine prevents the progression ofatherosclerotic lesions in hypercholesterolaemic rabbits." Pharmacol Res.44, 3:235-42, 2001.

181. Gokce N. "L-arginine and hypertension." J Nutr. 134, 10Suppl.:2807S-11S, 2004. www.nutrition.org

182. Noguchi T et al. "Nutritional prevention on hypertension, cerebralhemodynamics and thrombosis in stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensiverats." Cell Mol Neurobiol. 24, 5:599-638, 2004.

183. Regensteiner JG et al. "Oral L-arginine and vitamins E and Cimprove endothelial function in women with type 2 diabetes." Vasc Med.8, 3:169-75, 2003.

184. Ito T, Azuma J. ["Taurine is a possible anti-atheroscleroticagent."] Nippon Yakurigaku Zasshi. 123, 5:311-7, 2004.

185. Murakami S, Kondo Y, Nagate T. "Effects of long-term treatment withtaurine in mice fed a high-fat diet: improvement in cholesterol metabolism andvascular lipid accumulation by taurine." Adv Exp Med Biol.483:177-86, 2000.

186. Harada H et al. "Oral taurine supplementation preventsfructose-induced hypertension in rats." Heart Vessels. 19, 3:132-6,2004.

187. Dawson R Jr et al. "Effects of high salt diets and taurine on thedevelopment of hypertension in the stroke-prone spontaneously hypertensiverat." Amino Acids. 19, 3-4:643-65, 2000.

188. Splaver A, Lamas GA, Hennekens CH. "Homocysteine and cardiovasculardisease: biological mechanisms, observational epidemiology and the need forrandomized trials." Am Heart J. 148, 1:34-40, 2004. http://www2.us.elsevierhealth.com/scripts/om.dll/
serve?action=searchDB&searchDBfor=home&id=hj

189. Das UN. "Folic acid says NO to vascular diseases." Nutrition.19, 7-8:686-92, 2003. www.elsevier.com/locate/nut

190. Hernandez-Diaz S et al. "Dietary folate and the risk of nonfatalmyocardial infarction." Epidemiology. 13, 6:700-6, 2002.

191. Lee BJ et al. "Homocysteine and risk of coronary artery disease:Folate is the important determinant of plasma homocysteine concentration." Nutrition.19, 7-8:577-83, 2003. www.elsevier.com/locate/nut

192. Merchant AT et al. "The use of B vitamin supplements and peripheralarterial disease risk in men are inversely related." J Nutr. 133,9:2863-7, 2003. www.nutrition.org

193. He K et al. "Folate, vitamin B6 and B12 intakes in relation to riskof stroke among men." Stroke. 35, 1:169-74, 2004. http://stroke.ahajournals.org/

194. Ullegaddi R, Powers HJ, Gariballa SE. "B-group vitaminsupplementation mitigates oxidative damage after acute ischaemic stroke." ClinSci (Lond). 107, 5:477-84, 2004.

195. Schnyder G et al. "Effect of homocysteine-lowering therapy withfolic acid, vitamin B12 and vitamin B6 on clinical outcome after percutaneouscoronary intervention: the Swiss Heart study: a randomized controlledtrial." JAMA. 288, 8:973-9, 2002. www.jama.com

196. Naruta E, Buko V. "Hypolipidemic effect of panthothenic acidderivatives in mice with hypothalamic obesity induced by aurothioglucose." ExpToxicol Pathol. 53, 5:393-8, 2001.

197. Osono Y et al. "The effects of pantethine on fatty liver and fatdistribution." J Atheroscler Thromb. 7, 1:55-8, 2000. www.jstage.jst.go.jp/browse/jat

198. Keenan JM, Pins JJ, First S. Results presented at the American HeartAssociation Scientific Sessions, Nov. 8, 2004.

199. Morgan JM et al. "The effects of niacin on lipoprotein subclassdistribution." Prev Cardiol. 7, 4:182-9, 2004. www.lejacq.com/preventive.cfm

200. Taylor AJ et al. "Arterial Biology for the Investigation of theTreatment Effects of Reducing Cholesterol (ARBITER) 2. A double blind,placebo-controlled study of extended-release niacin n atherosclerosisprogression in secondary prevention patients treated with statins." Circulation.Nov. 10, 2004. [epub ahead of print.] http://circ.ahajournals.org/

201. Moon YS, Kashyap ML. "Niacin extended-release/lovastatin:combination therapy for lipid disorders." Expert Opin Pharmacother.3, 12:1763-71, 2002.

202. Armstrong EP, Zachry WM 3rd, Malone DC. "Cost-effectivenessanalysis of simvastatin and lovastatin/extended-release niacin to achieve LDLand HDL goal using NHANES data." J Manag Care Pharm. 10, 3:251-8,2004.

203. Miettinen TA, Gylling H. "Plant stanol and sterol esters inprevention of cardiovascular disease." Ann Med. 36, 2:126-34, 2004.

204. Nestel P et al. "Cholesterol-lowering effects of plant sterolesters and non-esterified stanols in margarine, butter and low-fat foods." EurJ Clin Nutr. 55, 12:1084-90, 2001. www.naturesj.com/ejcn

205. Matvienko OA et al. "A single daily dose of soybean phytosterols inground beef decreases serum total cholesterol and LDL cholesterol in young,mildly hypercholesterolemic men." Am J Clin Nutr. 76:57-64, 2002. www.ajcn.org

206. Devaraj S, Jialal I, Vega S. "Plant sterol-fortified orange juiceeffective lowers cholesterol levels in mildly hypercholesterolemic healthyindividuals." Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol. 24:1-5, 2004. http://atvb.ahajournals.org

207. Katan MB et al. "Efficacy and safety of plant stanols and sterolsin the management of blood cholesterol levels." Mayo Clin Proc. 78,8:965-78, 2003. www.mayo.edu/proceedings

208. Ntanios FY, Duchateau GS. "A healthy diet rich in carotenoids iseffective in maintaining normal blood carotenoid levels during the daily use ofplant sterol-enriched spreads." Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 72, 1:32-9,2002.

209. Fujita H, Yokoyama K, Yoshikawa M. "Classification andantihypertensive activity of angiotensin I-converting enzyme inhibitory peptidesderived from food proteins." J Food Sci. 65, 4:564-9, 2000.

210. Fujita H, Yoshikawa M. "LKPNM: a prodrug-type ACE-inhibitorypeptide derived from fish protein." Immunopharmacol. 44:123-7, 1999.

211. Fujita H, Yamagami T, Ohshima K. "Effects of an ACE-inhibitoryagent, katsuobushi oligopeptide, in the spontaneously hypertensive rat and inborderline and mildly hypertensive subjects." Nutr Res. 21:1149-58,2001. www.elsevier.nl/locate/nutres

212. Varady KA, Wang Y, Jones PJ. "Role of policosanols in theprevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease." Nutr Rev. 61,11:376-83, 2003. www.ilsi.org/publications/reviews.html

213. Menendez R et al. "Effects of policosanol treatment on thesusceptibility of low density lipoprotein (LDL) isolated from healthy volunteersto oxidative modification in vitro." Br J Clin Pharmacol. 50,3:255-62, 2000.

214. Castano G et al. "Effects of policosanol and lovastatin on lipidprofile and lipid peroxidation in patients with dyslipidemia associated withtype 2 diabetes mellitus." Int J Clin Pharmacol Res. 22, 3-4:89-99,2002.

215. Mas R et al. "Long-term effects of policosanl on obese patientswith Type II hypercholesterolemia." Asia Pac J Clin Nutr. 13,Suppl.:S102, 2004. www.healthyeatingclub.com/APJCN/ProcNutSoc/

216. Banerjee SK, Mukherjee PK, Maulik SK. "Garlic as an antioxidant:the good, the bad and the ugly." Phytother Res. 17, 2:97-106, 2003. www.interscience.wiley.com/jpages/0951-418X

217. Ackermann RT et al. "Garlic shows promise for improving somecardiovascular risk factors." Arch Intern Med. 161, 6:813-24, 2001. http://archinte.ama-assn.org

218. Ou CC. "Protective action on human LDL against oxidation andglycation by four organosulfur compounds derived from garlic." Lipids.38, 3:219-24, 2003. www.aocs.org

219. Borek C. "Antioxidant health effects of aged garlic extract." JNutr. 131, 3s:1010S-5S, 2001. www.nutrition.org

220. Morihara N et al. "Aged garlic extract enhances production ofnitric oxide." Life Sci. 71, 5:509-17, 2002. www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00243205

221. Budoff MJ et al. "Inhibiting progression of coronary calcificationusing Aged Garlic Extract in patients receiving statin therapy: a preliminarystudy." Prev Med. 39, 5:985-91, 2004.www.elsevier.com/locate/issn/0091-7435

222. Pittler MH, Schmidt K, Ernst E. "Hawthorn extract for treatingchronic heart failure: meta-analysis of randomized trials." Am J Med.114, 8:665-74, 2003.

223. Degenring FH et al. "A randomized double blind placebo controlledclinical trial of a standardized extract of fresh Crataegus berries(Crataegisan) in the treatment of patients with congestive heart failure NYHAII." Phytomedicine. 10, 5:363-9, 2003. www.urbanfischer.de/journals/frame_template.htm?/journals/phytomed/phytmed.htm

224. Habs M. "Prospective, comparative cohort studies and theircontribution to the benefit assessments of therapeutic options: heart failuretreatment with and without Hawthorn special extract WS 1442." ForschKomplementarmed Klass Naturheilkd. 11 Suppl. 1:36-9, 2004.

225. Walker AF et al. "Promising hypotensive effect of hawthorn extract:a randomized double blind pilot study of mild, essential hypertension." PhytotherRes. 16, 1:48-54, 2002. www.interscience.wiley.com/jpages/0951-418X

226. Zhang Z et al. "Hawthorn fruit is hypolipidemic in rabbits fed ahigh cholesterol diet." J Nutr. 132, 1:5-10, 2002. www.nutrition.org

227. Mahady GB. "Ginkgo biloba for the prevention and treatment ofcardiovascular disease: a review of the literature." J Cardiovasc Nurs.16, 4:21-32, 2002.

228. Ren de C, Du GH, Zhang JT. "Protective effect of ginkgo bilobaextract on endothelial cell against damage induced by oxidative stress." JCardiovasc Pharmacol. 40, 6:809-14, 2002. www.cardiovascularpharm.com

229. Chen J et al. "Effects of Ginkgo biloba extract on number andactivity of endothelial progenitor cells from peripheral blood." JCardiovasc Pharmacol. 43, 3:347-52, 2004. www.cardiovascularpharm.com

230. Kudolo GB, Dorsey S, Blodgett J. "Effect of the ingestion of Ginkgobiloba extract on platelet aggregation and urinary prostanoid excretion inhealthy and Type II diabetic subjects." Thromb Res. 108, 2-3:151-60,2002.

231. Urizar NL, Moore DD. "GUGULIPID: a natural cholesterol-loweringagent." Annu Rev Nutr. 23:303-13, 2003. http://nutr.annualreviews.org/

232. Karthikeyan K et al. "Cardioprotective effect of the alcoholicextract of Terminalia arjuna bark in an in vivo model of myocardial ischemicreperfusion injury." Life Sci. 73, 21:2727-39, 2003. www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/00243205

233. Bharani A, Ahirwar LK, Jain N. "Terminalia arjuna reverses impairedendothelial function in chronic smokers." Indian Heart J. 56,2:123-8, 2004.

234. Bharani A et al. "Efficacy of Terminalia arjuna in chronic stableangina: a double blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study comparing Terminaliaarjuna with isosorbide mononitrate." Indian Heart J. 54, 2:170-5,2002.

Subscribe and receive the latest insights on the health and nutrition industry.
Join 37,000+ members. Yes, it's completely free.

You May Also Like