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Eyeing Healthy Vision - ReferencesEyeing Healthy Vision - References

July 24, 2006

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Eyeing Healthy Vision - References

July 24, 2006 Natural Products INSIDER

"Eye Health" References

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32. Karslioglu I et al. "Protective role of intramuscularly administered vitamin E on the levels of lipid peroxidation and the activities of antioxidant enzymes in the lens of rats made cataractous with gamma-irradiation." Eur J Ophthalmol. 14, 6:478-85, 2004.

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36. Zhou JW et al. "[Study of blue light induced DNA damage of retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells and the protection of vitamin C.]" Shi Yan Sheng Wu Xue Bao. 36, 5:397-400, 2003.

37. Ohta Y et al. "Short-term ascorbic acid deficiency induced oxidative stress in the retinas of young Guinea pigs." J Biomed Sci. 11, 2:172-8, 2004. www.karger.com/jbs

38. Ohta Y et al. "Prolonged marginal ascorbic acid deficiency induces oxidative stress in retina of guinea pigs." Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 72, 2:63-70, 2002.

39. Valero MP et al. "Vitamin C is associated with reduced risk of cataract in a Mediterranean population." J Nutr. 132, 6:1299-306, 2002. www.nutrition.org

40. Taylor A et al. "Long-term intake of vitamins and carotenoids and odds of early age-related cortical and posterior subcapsular lens opacities." Am J Clin Nutr. 75, 3:540-9, 2002. www.ajcn.org

41. Semba RD, Dagnelie G. "Are lutein and zeaxanthin conditionally essential nutrients for eye health?" Med Hypotheses. 61, 4:465-72, 2003. www.harcourt-international.com/journals/mehy41.

42. Berendschot TT et al. "Lens aging in relation to nutritional determinants and possible risk factors for age-related cataract." Arch Ophthalmol. 120, 12:1732-7, 2002. http://archopht.ama-assn.org

43. Burke JD et al. "Diet and Serum Carotenoid Concentrations Affect Macular Pigment Optical Density in Adults 45 Years and Older."J Nutr. 5, 135:1208-1214, 2005. www.nutrition.org

44. Bone RA et al. "Lutein and zeaxanthin dietary supplements raise macular pigment density and serum concentrations of these carotenoids in humans." J Nutr. 133, 4:992-8, 2003. www.nutrition.org

45. Johnson EJ. "Obesity, lutein metabolism and age-related macular degeneration: a web of connections." Nutr Rev. 63, 1:9-15, 2005. www.ilsi.org/publications/reviews.html

46. Nolan J et al. "Macular pigment and percentage of body fat." Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 45, 11:3940-50, 2004. www.iovs.org

47. Hammond BR Jr, Ciulla TA, Snodderly DM. "Macular pigment density is reduced in obese subjects." Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 43, 1:47-50, 2002. www.iovs.org

48. Choi JS et al. "Inhibition of nNOS and COX-2 expression by lutein in acute retinal ischemia." Nutrition. 22, 6:668-71, 2006. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/08999007

49. Koh HH et al. "Plasma and macular responses to lutein supplement in subjects with and without age-related maculopathy: a pilot study." Exp Eye Res. 79:21-7, 2004.

50. Murray I et al. Presented at the annual meeting of the Association for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology in Florida, 2002.

51. Chung H et al. "Lutein Bioavailability Is Higher from Lutein-EnrichedEggs than from Supplements and Spinach in Men". J Nutr 134:1887-1893, 2004.

52. Richer S et al. "Double-masked, placebo-controlled, randomized trial of lutein and antioxidant supplementation in the intervention of atrophic age-related macular degeneration: the Veterans LAST study (Lutein Antioxidant Supplementation Trial)." Optometry. 75, 4:216-30, 2004.

53. Bowen PE et al. "Esterification does not impair lutein bioavailability in humans." J Nutr. 132:3668-73, 2002. www.nutrition.org

54. Chung HY, Rasmussen HM, Johnson EJ. "Lutein bioavailability is higher from lutein-enriched eggs than from supplements and spinach in men." J Nutr. 134, 8:1887-93, 2004. www.nutrition.org

55. Thomson LR et al. "Elevated retinal zeaxanthin and prevention of light-induced photoreceptor cell death in quail." Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 43, 11:3538-49, 2002. www.iovs.org

56. Hartmann D et al. "Plasma kinetics of zeaxanthin and 3'-dehydro-lutein after multiple oral doses of synthetic zeaxanthin." Am J Clin Nutr. 79, 3:410-7, 2004. www.ajcn.org

57. Yasunori N et al. "The effect of astaxanthin on retinal capillary blood flow in normal volunteers. " J Clin Ther Med. 21, 5:537-42, 2005.

58. Nagaki Y et al. "Effects of astaxanthin on accommodation, critical flicker fusion, and pattern visual evoked potential in visual display terminal workers." J Trad Med. 19:170-3, 2002.

59. Kenji S et al. "Effect of astaxanthin on accommodation and asthenopia - efficacy identification study in healthy volunteers." J Clin Ther Med. 21, 6: , 2005.

60. Nagaki Y et al."The supplementation effect of astaxanthin on accommodation and asthenopia." J Clin Ther Med. 22, 1:41-54, 2006.

61. Nanako T et al. "Effects of astaxanthin on accommodative recovery." J Clin Ter Med. 21, 4:431-6, 2005.

62. Sawaki K et al. "Sports performance benefits from taking natural astaxanthin; characterized by visual acuity and muscular fatigue improvements in humans." RinshoIyaku (J Clin Med: Japan)18, 9:1085-1100, 2002.

63. Nakamura A et al. "Changes in visual function following peroral astaxanthin." JpnJ CLin Opthamol. 58, 6:1051-554, 2004.

64. Ohgami K et al. "Effects of astaxanthin on lipopolysaccharide-induced inflammation in vitro and in vivo." Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 44, 6:2694-701, 2003. www.iovs.org

65. Wu TH et al. "An astaxanthin-containing algal extract attenuates selenite-induced nuclear cataract formation in rat pups." Experimental Biology, 2002.

66. Wu TH et al. "Astaxanthin protects against oxidative stress and calcium-induced porcine lens protein degradation."J Agric Food Chem, 54, 6:2418-23, 2006.

67. Gupta SK et al. "Lycopene attenuates oxidative stress induced experimental cataract development: an in vitro and in vivo study." Nutrition. 19, 9:794-9, 2003. http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/08999007

68. Mohanty I et al. "Lycopene prevents sugar-induced morphological changes and modulates antioxidant status of human lens epithelial cells." Br J Nutr. 88, 4:347-54, 2002. www.cabi-publishing.org/journals/bjn

69. SanGiovanni JP, Chew EY. "The role of omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids in health and disease of the retina." Prog Retin Eye Res. 24, 1:87-138, 2005.

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72. Niu SL et al. "Reduced G protein-coupled signaling efficiency in retinal rod outer segments in response to n-3 fatty acid deficiency." J Biol Chem. 279, 30:31098-104, 2004. www.jbc.org

73. Xi ZP, Wang JY. "Effect of dietary n-3 fatty acids on the composition of long- and very-long-chain polyenoic fatty acid in rat retina." J Nutr Sci Vitaminol (Tokyo). 49, 3:210-3, 2003.

74. Elner VM. "Retinal pigment epithelial acid lipase activity and lipoprotein receptors: effects of dietary omega-3 fatty acids." Trans Am Ophthalmol Soc. 100:301-38, 2002.

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