Restaurant Performance Index Experiences Slight Increase

The National Restaurant Association's Restaurant Performance Index (RPI) experienced a modest gain in January, which was driven by restaurant operators' optimism toward future business conditions.

WASHINGTON—The National Restaurant Association's Restaurant Performance Index (RPI) experienced a modest gain in January, which was driven by restaurant operators' optimism toward future business conditions.

The RPI reached 100.7 in January, up .2% from December 2013 and remaining above 100 for the 11th consecutive month. This shows expansion in the index of key industry indicators.

“Restaurant operators are more optimistic about business conditions in the months ahead, which is also reflected in ramped up plans for capital spending," said Hudson Riehle, senior vice president of the Research and Knowledge Group for the Association. “However, current situation indicators such as customer traffic were dampened in January, due in large part to adverse weather conditions."

The RPI consists of two components, the Current Situation Index (measuring current trends) and the Expectations Index (measuring restaurant operators' six-month outlook), and it tracks the health of and outlook for the U.S. restaurant industry.

The Current Situation Index stood at 99.5 in January, unchanged from December and the second consecutive month below 100. Although restaurant operators reported net positive same-store sales, softness in the customer traffic and labor indicators outweighed the performance. A bright spot remains operators' capital expenditure activity; 57% made a capital expenditure in the last three months, compared to 51% who reported similarly the month before.

The Expectations Index stood at 101.8 in January, up 0.3% from December and the highest level in seven months. In addition, January represented the 15th consecutive month in which the Expectations Index stood above 100, which indicates that restaurant operators remain optimistic about business conditions in the coming months.

Along with the positive business outlook, 64% of restaurant operators are planning for capital expenditures for equipment, expansion or remodeling in the next six months, up from 61% who reported similarly in December.

For more information on upcoming food trends in the restaurant scene, view the Food Product Design image gallery "12 Hottest Restaurant Trends For 2014."

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